Tuesday, September 10, 2019

Operating Systems Term Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words

Operating Systems - Term Paper Example Other operating systems emerged in 1956 such as the one developed by General Motors wing of research, referred to as GMNAA I/O. In the mainframe era, operating systems such as SCOPE were in the market as early as 1960s, as developed by Control Data Corporation. Other developments later experienced for the computer at that age include PLATO, EXEC, MCP, GECOS, Multics and TOPs among others. Later, advancements in hardware capabilities introduced higher definition operating systems (Bacon, 1989). UNIX was designed and developed in from 1970 by Ken Thomson and Dennis Ritchie and in five years’ time, it was already in the market. A wide range of versions was designed for different computer types such as IBM PC making it a successful ground-breaking innovation for the OS market (White, 2005). The other remarkable contribution in the evolution of the OS appeared in the computer world in the 1980’s, with the Disc Operating System (DOS) making a lion’s share of the credit. Microsoft (MS) was the company of choice for the development of this innovation, having a better competitive edge when compared with rivals such as Digital Research.MS DOS and PC DOS versions of the Operating System emerged in the 1980’s, and in a span of a decade, some of the most celebrated evolution products such as 1.0, 1.1, 1.25, 2.0, 2.01, 2.1, 2.11, 2.25, 3.0, 3.1, 3.2, 3.3, 4.0, 4.01, 5.0 entered into the market. Microsoft was at the same time designing an OS while DOS revolution was still in continuity. The introduction of Windows began in 1985 but reliance on DOS made it an incomplete version until much later in the 1990’s. Linux was developed in 1991 by a Finnish student making foundational reliance on UNIX, making one of the most successful OS that is sometimes referred to as a UNIX clone. The incorporation of the Linux ideas into the GNU project in 1992 gave it the impetus it needed to be

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